Friday, 7 June 2013

Atlas of strange creatures: 13 animals which did not know that exist !!

Atlasul creaturilor ciudate: 13 animale despre care nu ştiai că există

Uneori viaţa capătă cele mai ciudate forme şi de multe ori noi nici nu aflăm asta. De cele mai multe ori nu reuşim să observăm, să ne informăm sau să fim atenţi la ea şi trecem cu vedea vietăţile uimitoare alături de care trăim pe Terra. De fapt, nici dacă am avea timpul şi resursele necesare, tot nu am avea posibilitatea să ne întâlnim cu toate speciile de animale cunoscute. Tocmai de aceea am creat această listă a unor animale pe care nu toată lumea le ştie şi pe care nu prea avem şanse să la întâlnim. Fie că sunt bizare şi au comportamente ce nu ne permit să le observăm în libertate, fie că sunt pe cale de dispariţie, fiecare dintre animalele amintite mai jos au ceva unic şi cu adevărat fascinant.

 1. Babirusa

Babirusa 
Babirusa face parte din familia Suidae (din care fac parte şi porcii) şi poate fi găsit în pădurile din Indonezia, mai exact în insulele Sulawesi, Togian, Sula şi Buru.  Numit şi porcul cerb, Babirusa este cunoscut mai ales pentru colţii săi spectaculoşi. La masculi, caninii superiori cresc în sus pătrunzând prin piele şi curbându-se înapoi către frunte. Şi caninii inferiori sunt destul de dezvoltaţi şi cresc în sus. În schimb, în rândul femelelor caninii fie lipsesc, fie au dimensiuni reduse.
În cazul în care masculii nu îşi rup colţii, lucru care se poate realiza în timpul activităţilor cotidiene, aceştia vor continua să crească până când le vor face răni sau le vor penetra craniul.
Din cauză că babirusa nu are os rostral, el nu poate săpa cu râtul în pământ ci doar noroi. Pentru că babirusa este un omnivor, dieta sa include frunze, nuci, fructe, rădăcini şi resturi animale.
În general, masculii sunt solitari, spre deosebire de femele care, împreună cu puii lor, pot forma grupuri de peste 80 de indivizi.
În Indonezia, înfăţişarea lui babirusa a inspirat folclorul şi confecţionarea unor măşti demonice care le seamănă. Deşi porcul cerb este protejat prin lege, braconajul continuă să îi ameninţe existenţa.

2. Tatuul Argentine

Argentinian tattooed dwarf Tatuul pitic argentinian
If we exclude the tail, this little pet has a length between 9 and 11.5 inches. Despite its fragile appearance, thanks to its large claws, he can bury in the ground in seconds. In fact, as a solitary nocturnal animal, he spends the most time in the ground, preferably near ant mounds to continuously receive food sources. Besides ants and larvae's diet also contains worms, snakes, roots and plants.

It is believed that tattooed dwarf Argentine is endangered, but scientists know so little about him that no one knows for sure what state is population.

3. Fossa

Fossa    Fossa
Cryptoprocta ferox is a mammal endemic to Madagascar. In fact, Foss is the largest mammalian carnivore on the island. Males can reach a length of 70-80 cm and a weight of between 5.5 to 8.6 kg, being somewhat larger than females.

Over 50% of its diet consists of lemurs, primates endemic lizards, rodents or birds.

Fossa is one of those animals that are active both day and night and not return to rest twice in the same place, except mother with cubs.

Although the species is considered solitary, a publication of the 2009 report an unusual event: a group of three males cooperated to hunt a lemur and after divided capture prey.

Fossele communicate using scent and sound or visual signals. They spin and produce cries when they feel threatened, and during mating (which usually takes place in trees) meow females and males emit a sound when they are specific partner.

Also, using the glands in the back, they mark their territory, stones and trees nearby. In addition, it was found that these animals communicate through body language and face, but scientists still conduct research in this area in order to unravel the mysteries behind this type of communication.
 

4. Gazelle-giraffe

Gazelle-giraffe    (Foto:Shutterstock.com)Gazela-girafă
Gazelle-giraffe    (Foto: Shutterstock.com)Gazela-girafă
This aspect of gazelle antelope amazes and delights everyone with her ​​large ears and eyes, and his long neck like giraffe. Its body is very large, the male has a length of 90-140 cm and a weight of 45-50 kg, while the female measuring about 80-100 cm long and weigh about 31 kg.

It lives in arid areas of southern and central Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya and north-eastern Tanzania.

Special is how Litocranius Waller procure food. More specifically, in order to reach the leaf (usually the acacia), it is raised on rear legs taking upright position.

On the other hand this gazelle seems to have no need of water being enough that it receives from the plants they eat. Following this, amazing animal can survive in very dry environments. Gazelle-giraffe

5. Naked mole-rat

Naked mole-rat    (Foto: Shutterstock.com) Şobolanul-cârtiţă golaş
Heterocephalus Glaber is a small rodent (the size of a cup of coffee) originating in East Africa. Because he lacks fur and whiskers but we can say that sort of resembles a miniature walrus.

These mammals live in large colonies, such as insects. Like the ants, several dozens of naked mole-rats live together in colonies and "worship" a queen, a dominant animal. As already suspected, but the Queen is carrying chickens, the rest of the members are workers digging vision with prominent teeth, ensuring food requirements (roots). Also, unlike the rest of the members of the colony, which weighed about 30-35 g, queen is larger and weighs more than 50 grams. In contrast, other types of mole-rats live in small groups, like families.

Another interesting feature of these small mammals longevity. According to scientists, a naked mole-rat has an extremely long life, sometimes surviving for 28 years. Moreover, it appears that these living organisms are never affected by cancer.

6. Markhor

Markhor    (Foto: Shutterstock.com)Markhor
Markhor    (Foto: Shutterstock.com)Markhor
Truly a spectacular appearance is that of Markham's, a family member splendid wild goats. Capra Falconeri is an animal that is less accessible mountainous areas of Afghanistan, Pakistan, northern India, Uzbekistan and Tajikistan.

According to reports published by the IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature), the species is endangered. Now, it is speculated that in the wild there are only 2,500 mature individuals, but the population decreases from generation to generation by 20%.

Living in small groups of about 3 members, they are more active early morning or late evening. In general, males are solitary except for mating periods. Their appearance is downright impressive and stunning them with spiral horns and Longhair in the chin, chest and tail.

However, Markham is the national animal of Pakistan and folklore claims that he could kill and eat a snake, although it is a herbivore (which sometimes go up in trees in order to eat more leaves). Therefore, when he chewed and regurgitated food, removes his mouth as a foam substance that reaches the earth and dried. Locals looking for this foam reinforced the view that it can extract snake venom in wounds.

7. Monkeys of the genus Rhinopithecus

These monkeys are native to Asia, and the new species of monkey in this genre is Rhinopithecus Stryker, which in the local dialect is called "mey nwoah" meaning "monkey face up to the sky". When it rains, residents easily identified because they are monkeys head between your knees to not get drops of rain in the nose. If not dodge the rain it gets in your nose and makes them sneeze.

Monkeys living in the genus Rhinopithecus large groups of up to 600 members and take their life in trees. As for communication, they use specific sound signals they produce either individually or in chorus.

8. Wolf ridge

Wolf ridge    (Foto: Shutterstock.com) Lupul cu coamă
Wolf has a mane like that of a fox, but his legs are incredibly long helping him to see over tall grass prey in South America.

As predators, they hunt mostly at night or early morning, while they spend days and dozing in the thickets. Unlike other wolves live in packs, wolves are solitary ridge. Even if the male and female share the same territory, they are independent of each other, the only exception occurring in the mating season.

Although much of his diet consists of fruit (or fruit of his favorites being lobeira wolf, a relative of the tomato), wolf ridge and the birds will thank them when they come your way.

9. Muntiacul red or Indian

Muntiacul red or Indian     (Foto: Shutterstock.com) Muntiacul roşu sau indian
This Asian omnivorous animal feeds on grass, fruits, seeds, eggs, and with small animals. Also, there are cases in which adopts a scavenger behavior.

When they feel threatened or when they are in stressful situations that animal sounds like a barking issue. Sometimes these animals emit sounds, even for an hour, and even when the danger is gone.

When it comes to their territory, males become very aggressive and fight each other using their horns and fangs.

10. Elaphodus Cephalophus or deer "fringed"

Elaphodus Cephalophus or deer "fringed" (Foto: Shutterstock.com)Elaphodus cephalophus sau cerbul „cu ciuf”
This animal which lives in central China and northeastern Burma is a small deer characterized by a "shock" to the top of the head and prominent large canines. A close relative of muniacului, deer "fringed" is vegetarian, consuming fruit and grass.

The animal is extremely shy and prefer to live in forests where they can hide easily. He is also solitary rare occasions when the observed pairs coexist. Despite its beauty, it has not been studied enough and not much is known about its behavior.

11. Bat Centurio senex or wrinkles

Bat Centurio senex or wrinkles Centurio senex sau liliacul cu riduri
It is a creature that lives in Central America. Studied in recent years scientists have a bat skull shape that allows him to have the strongest bite of all bat species. Although it weighs only 17 grams have a bite of the force is 20% stronger than any other bat species with similar size. Centurio senex bat skull is short and broad, its head and jaws intrigându them for a long time researchers have studied.

It can be easily identified because his face devoid of fur and skin "wrinkled" which is more pronounced for males than for females.

12. Pyuria Chilensis

Pyura chilensis    Pyura chilensis
Pyuria chilensis is a strange creature that lives on the Pacific coast of South America. The animal is completely immobile as a stone, and feeds by absorbing water from the filter microorganisms. At birth animal is a male for adulthood to become hermaphroditic. In general, reproduction is achieved by releasing sperm and eggs into the surrounding water, where fertilization occurs. However, when you are with other individuals of the same species, the animals prefer to adopt cross-fertilization, self-fertilization process much more efficient than.

13. Mara de Patagonia

 
As the Great Mara or rabbit / pig of Patagonia, the sower rabbit rodent lives in Argenitinei center. These herbivores live in monogamous doarte large groups of up to 70 members, so presperând away from predators.
 

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