Tuesday, 11 June 2013

Born under the sign of bullet: the life and death of the best sniper in U.S. army.

Născut în zodia glonţului: viaţa şi moartea celui mai bun lunetist din armata SUA

Death from a distance, that death is not heard, not seen, and often feels not. Death violent and horrible death that comes through high-precision weapons tailored millennium. Unexpected death sent on short and precise gesture of a sniper exception. Lives taken through the telescope and converted into numbers and statistics. And, above all, the true story of the best "sniper" in the U.S. military. A true Texan, in every sense, and a modern soldier who lived and died faithful to the laws of the god Mars. Hero and demon alike, Chris Kyle seems to slowly but surely turn into a modern American legend

Sniper Made in Texas
Some of the most feared - and equally fascinating - soldiers are snipers precision. Present in all armies of the world, they are in a category all special warriors, thoroughly modern, often reaching to make a difference in the theaters of operations. In short, a sniper shot is an outstanding soldier with specific qualities (excellent eyesight, and calm self-control, patience, determination and nerves of steel). Usually operate alone, in pairs or supported by a team that helps in terms of data acquisition and coordinates technical and tactical on the enemy.
Sniper teams enjoy great freedom of movement and tactical decision. Are subject to special training and use the latest optical equipment, with special high precision rifles, of different sizes depending on the mission. In addition to their special training on drawing precisely and learn the concept of camouflage snipers, infiltration into enemy territory, reconnaissance and information gathering.
Are particularly effective when operating in urban areas or forests and jungles. Typically, the duty of a sniper is to provide information about its target, to find a suitable hiding place and obviously to liquidate or destroy the target, which usually consists of personalities enemy senior officers, commanders or any important person or organization opposing army.Accordingly, its role is very important.
Their targets are not only human, but include military vehicles, equipment and other important devices of the enemy. Obviously, for such missions lunetişii using large caliber rifles with special bullets, able for example to Perforated armor at a distance of 2-3 km military transport. Unlike other states military doctrines aimed at larger team of snipers, snipers from the U.S. Army usually act in a lethal duo composed of actual shooter and a companion who helps to identify the target.
However, there are individual sniper, such as by Chris Kyle. The idea of ​​solitary or in pairs snipers was launched from the time of the Second World War by the German army and military doctrines influences present in many Western countries, including the United States.
Chris Kyle was an outstanding hitter, in fact, was the best marksman in U.S. military history, with a total of 160 confirmed victims in places like Fallujah and Baghdad, although unofficial record
exceeded 255 deaths.
 Christopher Scott "Chris" Kyle (April 8, 1974 – February 2, 2013) was a United States Navy SEAL and known as the most lethal sniper in American military history, with 160 confirmed kills (out of 255 claimed kills),although these statistics have not been released by the Pentagon.
When Kyle was eight years old, his father taught him to shoot. As a youth, he trained as a bronco rider for the rodeo, which he gave up after a serious injury to his arm. He had intended to volunteer and enlist in the U.S. Marine Corps, and was recruited by the U.S. Army, but eventually enlisted with the U.S. Navy. Kyle served four tours in the second Iraq war, and was awarded the Bronze and Silver Star medals multiple times. Iraqi insurgents dubbed him the "Devil of Ramadi" and offered an increasing bounty for his head. He was shot twice, and was involved in six IED attacks.
Kyle decided to spend time with his family and was honorably discharged from the U.S. Navy in 2009. He remained in the spotlight after leaving the Navy and wrote a New York Times bestselling autobiography, American Sniper. Kyle was shot and killed at a shooting range by a fellow veteran on February 2, 2013, near Chalk Mountain, Texas.
   Graffiti cu lunetişti
Coincidentally or not, was born in the United States was the first country marksmen units specializing in breaking the enemy commander, throughout history.

On 19 September 1777, during the Battle of Saratoga, snipers made ​​their debut in the military history of mankind. Then, American colonists were hiding in the trees and began to draw selectively British officers. Probably the first hitter in history was Timothy Murphy, who killed on October 7, 1777 General Simon Fraser of Balnain, from a distance of about 365 meters.

Over many years, the American Christopher Scott "Chris" Kyle had to Timothy Murphy's footsteps and even had to write, turn to history to "performance" of his grim area of ​​snipers.

Chris was born on April 8, 1974, the son of a priest and a teacher.

Future sniper later saw the light of day in Texas, probably the most conservative U.S. state and country where freedom is cherished gun shoot full by most people. According to local tradition that fathers initiate their sons in shooting with the gun still at an early age, his father Chris put a gun on the kid was 8 years old. It was a call that later turned into a passion embodied in future occupation and even lifestyle for Chris Kyle.

Devil of Ramadi

The kid continued to explore new passion through hunting partridges, rabbits and deer. After finishing school at tempted a career in rodeo competitions, but a pretty serious arm injury made ​​him give up this occupation adrenaline, but particularly dangerous.

After healing arm, Chris turned to a recruiting office and is interested in a career among famous American Marines. Impressed by the talent and precision weapon, the officer who recruited included among the elite Navy SEALs unit, but Chris was initially rejected on the grounds that many metal rods and arm bones were left.

However, it was called shortly after its initial rejection and got the chance to graduate training courses and programs of BUD / S (Basic Underwater Demolition SEAL), then joined the ranks of U.S. Marines in early 1999. It was seconded elite SEAL Team Unit 3, in which Chris has worked on the front of many theaters of operations in Iraq. It did not take long to notice the sniper position not hesitate to pull the trigger regardless of the target which is in focus.

 Lunetist american în Irak
However, kept authentic Texan personality and joyful spirit and detached. Has never fallen into the stereotype of a sniper cold, calculating, sober, orderly and lonely. In many ways, Chris was far from ideal American soldier. Although he kept his weapons and related equipment very clean and neat, she could not say the same about the room.

According to some of his colleagues in the SEALs after his departure they had two days to clean up after him. Only under the bed lay a layer of sun flower seed shells that Texan spit them relaxed for six months as the service had been sitting in that room ... Do not walk in uniform and colleagues remember him as favorite paint logo, the Punisher skull on bulletproof vest, helmet and even weapons. He used to cut sleeves shirt and walking boots, combat boots instead of firm.

Prefer a baseball cap imprinted with "Longhorn" next-generation headset instead, made ​​of kevlar processed by secret technology. Personally, I was somewhat disturbed by how snipers were perceived by the company's considered a kind of comfortable and all the brave soldiers who would not risk anything on the battlefield compared to other categories of servicemen. Always insisted that snipers have a particularly important role in the clashes in the cities and that civilians are safe because of them. In addition, Chris often add: "If someone threatens or attempts of an American citizen, I will find and kill, without having any idea where it comes death"
 Chris Kyle în Irak
Its success led to literally terrorizing the Iraqi insurgents who had invented his nickname as a: Devil of Ramadi (Shaitan Ar-Ramadi, in lb. Arabic). Exasperated by its effectiveness, the insurgents had come to put bounty on his head. For example, in 2006, the intelligence agencies of the U.S. military services specialist Chris gave her that had a $ 20,000 bounty on his head. Texan laughed and still saw his work. The number of his victims increased with the amount of reward that had reached the sum of $ 80,000 at a time. Chris continued to joke, saying stat that is afraid to go home to Texas. "For this money I'm afraid I do not teach my wife," he said in joke, seriously.
But Taya, his wife, the man who loved him unconditionally seem to have two distinct personalities: the father and husband who wallow in playing with his children and was planning vacations in places with historical and sniper who always press the trigger, regardless of the objective its target.

Bullet by bullet
Chris never talked much about the number of his victims, although had a real star among his comrades and American propaganda media present him as a hero long awaited. It seems that the death toll was higher than the official data of the Pentagon, especially since many documents related to its work remained classified for many years to come. Chris often said to friends and acquaintances that he wanted to keep a record of American soldiers rescued its precise interventions.
Always remember that this was the list of names he wanted to have, not one of his victims. It was not at all easy in Iraq, and not infrequently death and circling. He survived to no more than six attacks with improvised explosive devices, was shot three times, twice crashed helicopter and was operated many times that simply do not remember.
 Celebrul glonte de tip Lapua
Occurred during the four contracts in Iraq Texan was awarded numerous times for his contribution to what Washington called international campaign against terrorism. His brother served as a Marine in Iraq and Chris have a reason to focus better on targets.

Its most frequent tasks consisted in monitoring and protecting U.S. military convoys and soldiers commandos are in interventions. Regarding this period, Eric Davis, none other than Kyle's military instructor in the school of snipers SEALs belonging to declare on his former pupil:

"I was impressed with how Kyle cope with mental stress and spiritual burden that invariably carries every hitter. No matter how strong you are within your reach as sniper to kill a large number of people and eye contact almost directly with them. many come to give, but not Kyle. every bullet was placed with his accuracy and has never missed a target. "

One of the most difficult shots of Kish took place west of Fallujah, on the Euphrates. Three insurgents are over 2 km from the place and spotted him, aware that they were at a relatively safe distance from .338 Lapua rifle type, began to laugh and challenge him. "I think the stars were arranged perfectly, and God breathed on the bullet that hit one of the morons directly under the abdomen. Bullet was explosive and his companions reaction was one memorable" cheerful Texan story in the pages of his book autobiographical.
 Echipă de lunetişti americani în Irak
During another episode remarkable Texan observed through binoculars as two insurgents who were traveling on a scooter left an explosive device in a dumpster. He waited until the two had traveled about 150 yards, then fired a single shot from his rifle extremely accurate and powerful. The bullet passed through both bodies killing them instantly.

At the end of 2008 was the closest to death when a bullet pierced almost kevlar vest and another hit him in the helmet. "I had a guardian angel in those moments, but are not superhuman and can die anytime," he reflected somewhat foreboding Texan. A year later decided to quit the army and war and return to the family. He already had two children and did not want to leave them orphans.

I have no regrets ...

Not regretted any victim. He remembered his first target sometimes eliminated in Iraq:

"She was a woman who headed a U.S. checkpoint with a baby in one hand and a grenade in the other. Injunctions did not stop at all our boys. I had no choice and I executed it without hesitation. I did one to protect my comrades. Nobody wants to lose friends and colleagues. duty I just did, she was dead from the moment he made ​​the decision to take the grenade and disobey orders. I wanted to I assure you will not take any companion with her, now stand before God with a clear conscience. was a case of "that which." Fortunately, there are better and more dedicated to the role of husband and father than sniper position. now I feel good knowing that you do not have to kill people. only beings who are shooting deer and rabbits "Texan story in an interview with journalists at the Times Magazine.
  Tintaşi de elită aflaţi la datorie
After his military career, Kyle has been associated with a number of former comrades of SEALs to open Craft International, a security company whose motto says a lot: "Cleave what your Momma Told you, violence does solve problems."

Arriving civilian career continued on other coordinates, making a guest TV is an active supporter of comrades who have returned from war suffering from PTSD former military specific. It was established as avid hunter and a great activist in movements campaigning against control and restrictions on firearms. He wrote an autobiographical book titled-what else? - "American Sniper". The book was published last year and has since sold over 800,000 copies.
 Chris Kyle cu propria carte autobiografică
He was an admirer of Sarah Palin, the former governor of Alaska, the company is dealing with personal security governor and his family. As current President Barack Obama, Texan had a typical view: "That would be able to ban anything" ...

Chris Kyle was to have a part on the far end of his life. On February 2, 2013, Kyle and his buddy Chad Littlefield, were shot dead for no apparent reason, a private shooting range in Earth County, Texas. The perpetrator was Eddie Ray Routh, a war veteran aged just 25 years. As Ironically, Kyle and Chad persuaded Eddie to come necessarily with them at the range in an attempt to help to improve symptoms caused by post-traumatic stress syndrome from which he suffered.

Local police caught the perpetrator after the truck he fled the crime scene crashed into a police car. Chris lost his life after he made ​​the effort to help a weaker companion angel was to escape the nightmares that haunt him. Sniper killer attended the same school, but the two had not met until that moment. Eddie Ray Routh was arrested and his name was established a $ 3 million bail. According to police, the perpetrator was confused, agitated and was not able to justify their crimes.
  Puşcaşi marini americani alături de armele lor de mare precizie
For the known with fear and respect "Devil of Ramadi" Texan authorities held a ceremony commemorating the Cowboys Stadium in Arlington, Texas. Chris was buried on 12 February this year, and the funeral procession was the longest in the history of the United States, according to media sent by Texas Department of Public Safety.

Today, the armies of the world have an unexpected low precision sniper. Selection, training and motivation of these distinguished soldiers are long and costly process. For example, throughout the U.S. Army, there are more than 1,000 snipers, of which about 300 are employed in the body of Marines. Not everyone is born under the sign of the bullet ...

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