Wednesday, 5 June 2013

Quantum physics provides a scientific explanation for the existence of the SOUL, according to two leading researchers (VIDEO)

Fizica cuantică oferă o explicaţie ştiinţifică pentru existenţa sufletului, anunţă doi cercetători de renume (VIDEO)

Two scientists specializing in quantum physics say they can prove the existence of the soul.Dr. Stuart Hameroff, an American physicist, and Sir Roger Penrose, the UK, have developed a quantum theory of consciousness, which claims that human souls are contained in the "microtubule" structures that are found inside our brain cells.The idea of ​​two researchers based on the concept that the brain is a biological computer that "the 100 billion neurons, their electrical impulses and synaptic connections play the role of networks'. According to this idea, conscience is a program run by the existing quantum computer in our brain that continues to exist in the universe after our death.Dr. Hameroff, Professor Emeritus in the Department of Anesthesiology and Psychology from the University of Arizona and also director of the Center for Consciousness Studies, working with Sir Roger Penrose on this theory in 1996.The two scientists argue that what we perceive as consciousness is the result of quantum gravity effects within these microtubule, a process they call "Orchestrated objective reduction" (Orch-OR).Researchers say that when people enter into a state of clinical death, these microtubule lose their quantum state, but the information in them is not lost. In other words, the "soul" dies, but comes back to the universe. "Let's say that the heart stops beating, the blood stops flowing and microtubulele lose their quantum state. Quantum information is lost, because it can not be destroyed, but dissipates and distributed in the universe, "said Dr. Hameroff. "If a patient is resuscitated, microtubule quantum information and the patient returns to say" I had a near death experience, '"adds the researcher.Experts say that recent discoveries regarding the role that quantum physics plays in biological processes - such as smell, photosynthesis or how birds fly - is further evidence for his theory.Dr. Hameroff explained this theory extensively in the documentary "Through the Wormhole" station recently aired in the U.S. Science Channel:

Dr. Stuart Hameroff Career

Hameroff received his BS degree from the University of Pittsburgh and his MD degree from Hahnemann University Hospital, where he studied before it became part of the Drexel University College of Medicine. He took an internship at the Tucson Medical Center in 1973. From 1975 onwards, he has spent the whole of his career at the University of Arizona, becoming professor in the Department of Anesthesiology and Psychology and associate director for the Center for Consciousness Studies, both in 1999, and finally Emeritus professor for Anesthesiology and Psychology in 2003.
Hypotheses


At the very beginning of Dr. Hameroff's career, while he was at Hahnemann, cancer-related research work piqued his interest in the part played by microtubules in cell division, and led him to speculate that they were controlled by some form of computing. It also suggested to him that part of the solution of the problem of consciousness might lie in understanding the operations of microtubules in brain cells, operations at the molecular and supramolecular level.[citation needed]


The operations of microtubules are remarkably complex and their role pervasive in cellular operations; these facts led to the speculation that computation sufficient for consciousness might somehow be occurring there. These ideas are discussed in Hameroff's first book Ultimate Computing (1987).[1] The main substance of this book dealt with the scope for information processing in biological tissue and especially in microtubules and other parts of the cytoskeleton. Hameroff argued that these subneuronal cytoskeleton components could be the basic units of processing rather than the neurons themselves. The book was primarily concerned with information processing, with consciousness secondary at this stage.

Separately from Hameroff, Roger Penrose had published his first book on consciousness, The Emperor's New Mind.[2] On the basis of Godel's incompleteness theorems, he argued that the brain could perform functions that no computer or system of algorithms could. From this it could follow that consciousness itself might be fundamentally non-algorithmic, and incapable of being modeled as a classical Turing machine type of computer. By contrast, the idea that it could be explained mechanistically was prevalent in the field of Artificial Intelligence at that time.

Penrose saw the principles of quantum theory as providing an alternative process through which consciousness could arise. He further argued that this non-algorithmic process in the brain required a new form of the quantum wave reduction, later given the name objective reduction (OR), which could link the brain to the fundamental spacetime geometry. At this stage, he had no precise ideas as to how such a quantum process might be instantiated in the brain. Moreover, Penrose's ideas were widely criticized by neuroscientists, logicians and philosophers, notably Grush and Churchland.[3]

Hameroff was inspired by Penrose's book to contact Penrose regarding his own theories about the mechanism of anesthesia, and how it specifically targets consciousness via action on neural microtubules. The two met in 1992, and Hameroff suggested that the microtubules were a good candidate site for a quantum mechanism in the brain. Penrose was interested in the mathematical features of the microtubule lattice, and over the next two years the two collaborated in formulating the orchestrated objective reduction (Orch-OR) model of consciousness.[citation needed] Following this collaboration, Penrose published his second consciousness book, Shadows of the Mind.[4]

This more developed version of their ideas was also widely attacked, and notably by the physicist Max Tegmark, who calculated that quantum states in microtubules would survive for only 10−13 seconds, too brief to be of any significance for neural processes.[5] Hameroff and the physicists Scott Hagan and Jack Tuszynski (Hagan, Hameroff & Tuszynski, 2002)[6] replied to Tegmark arguing that microtubules could be shielded against the environment of the brain. To date, there is no experimental confirmation of these proposed methods of shielding, but Hameroff has proposed tests that could falsify the theory[6]

Over the years since 1994, Hameroff has been active in promoting the 

ures. He was the lead organizer of the first Tucson consciousness meeting in 1994 that brought together approximately 300 people interested in consciousness studies (e.g., David Chalmers, Christof Koch, Bernard Baars, Roger Pensrose, Benjamin Libet). This conference is widely regarded as a landmark event within the field of consciousness studies, and by bringing researchers from various discsiplines together led to various useful synergies, resulting indirectly, for instance, in the formation of the Association for the Scientific Study of Consciousness, and more directly in the creation of the Center for Consciousness Studies at the University of Arizona, of which Hameroff is now the director. The Center for Consciousness Studies hosts meetings on the study of consciousness every two years, as well as sponsoring seminars on consciousness theory.

Hameroff appeared as himself in the documentary film What tнe ♯$*! Do ωΣ (k)πow!? (2004). He also participated in the first Beyond Belief conference, where his theories were sharply criticized by Lawrence Krauss, among others.[7]

Hameroff serves as producer, writer and scientific advisor to an independent feature film called Mindville. Mindville is a feature-length motion picture that combines live action with animation and effects to present a journey into the mysteries of human consciousness.

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