Thursday, 5 March 2015

10 evidence of distortion of history.

It is said that history is one of the most inaccurate, easy to interpret and twisted of Sciences. And the evidence in support of such claims are more than numerous. In fact, the victory of one party is inevitably defeat another, how it is being played thread happenings, most often subjective. On the other hand, is never easy to judge a man, even in case of all the necessary data before a portrezitari goals and then, history and time shall determine how that will be seen over the centuries. But history is wrong many times, and our perception of historical figures ranging is one radical opposite to what actually happened ... Below, we present a brief list of some of the historical characters deformed substantially by what today call history ...

Saint Patrick
Legends rooted among the Irish, in particular, argue that Patrick is the patron saint of Ireland who drove all the snakes from Ireland and who christened the barbarians in this corner of the world. The reality is that St. Patrick was 100% English, born in Cambria and enslaved by Irish warriors.

After several years of servitude, Patrick was released, he returning to England, where he became a priest. Saint returned to Ireland as a missionary, converting to Christianity thousands of Irish and Scottish, among them are even being some local leaders. Worldwide, it is seen today as the patron saint of Ireland and one that brought the Irish to Christianity.

The reality is that St. Patrick is neither the only nor the only patron of Ireland that led missions Christianization in Ireland. Beside him great respect grant Irishmen holy Columba and Brigid of Kildare, holy not nothing less than St. Patrick. As banishing snakes from the island, nor can it be. In reality, never existed in Ireland, throughout history, such reptiles.

Pontius Pilate
Pontius Pilate, the Roman prefect in Judea in the year 26-36 AD, is certainly one of the most reviled biblical characters, many Christians accusing him, throughout history, the enormous guilt of command sentenced to crucifixion of Jesus. It is a tributary conception perhaps religious fanaticism developed over the centuries in a Christian environment.

The Bible says, unquestionably, as Pontius Pilate in Jesus device, trying to prove his innocence them in front of the crowd that demanded his death. Pilate has argued testimony claiming that he sees nothing in actions challenging the Savior, nor any trace of treason against Romanian Hebrew or authority. Prefect even proposed as an ordinary criminal, Barabbas, be crucified to appease the blood of Jesus his accusers, but even this proposal was not accepted by them.

With such state of affairs, Pilate was undoubtedly lacking any power and consented to avoid a conflict with the local population, to give infamous execution order ...

Ulysses S Grant
The best known and most highly regarded general during the war of secession Yankee, winner against Southern armies and future President of the United States. It is said that Ulysses S. Grant was adored by the masses of voters as any other American president has ever been. Yet throughout his reputation was destroyed by the huge political scandals and high-level corruption that marked his career ephemeral political arena.

History we recognize today as the worst president in US history, an alcoholic and a notorious anti-Semite said. How much truth is, however, in these American historians information revealed only in the last years of the twentieth century.

No one denies that the mandate of President Ulysses S. Grant's proved a disaster in every respect. Historical evidence indicates, however, that Grant was never an alcoholic, but rather, an insecure man, intelligent, reserved, even shy. There is no evidence to confirm the accusations of anti-Semitism thereof. In fact, Ulysses S. Grant was one of the biggest supporters of the civil rights of American citizens, irrespective of their origin.

La Malinche
Dona Carina, or La Malinche, is one of the most mysterious figures of Mexican history. About the woman with this name today know very little, and how evidence was twisted role in history. It is clear that La Malinche was the daughter of one leader Mayan, Spanish conquistadors arrived slaves and then, translator and mistress of the famous Hernan Corte

The fact that he knew many local dialects and languages, that besides the proverbial beauty helped her become a trusted advisor and commander of the bloody Spanish. Maybe that's why many historians rushed to categorize as a traitor and an artisan millions of murders that have overshadowed the history of South America during the Spanish conquest.

There are, however, the view that Dona Marina has not forgotten anymore origins and that through the influence it had on Cortez, diminished, if possible, the wave of destruction carried out by the Spaniards. In Mexico, there are many experts and even ordinary people who see it as a savior, a true local hero owes its existence. The truth, however, was lost. Perhaps the mysterious figure of Dona Marina will remain eternally controversial and complex actions they will never be understood.

King Cnut the Great
About Cnut the Great is said to be one of the characters emblematic of the entire Middle Ages. King of Denmark, Norway, Sweden and of a part of since 1016, of England, Knut and put a decisive mark on his time. Unfortunately, as often happens, history and collective consciousness have kept in memory as a madman, so confident in his powers, that he thought he could stop the waves.

The reality is that King Knut was, indeed, a very strong leader and influential - he traveled to Rome to attend the coronation of King Conrad II and to advise staff Pontiff. Nobody knows today where it started the myth that Knut trying to demonstrate the omnipotence of his subjects who gave evidence, trying to stop the waves.

In fact, Knut argued often that no man, be he king can not be more powerful than God. Moreover, after his Christian Knut has placed the crown on a crucifix and never wore it again.

Robin Hood
Stories about the legendary outlaw and haunted forests of Yorkshire, robbing the rich and the poor sharing their possessions were very popular since the Victorian era. Yet, no matter how historians have tried to find the truth, there is no mention of a man to be worn even name ... or nickname.

Some historians believe that his real name was "robbing hood", a term which fundamentally change the problem and refers to gangs of robbers who were hiding in the woods. In fact, mentions the existence of these gangs are numerous, and the probability that they steal from the rich to help their families back home is quite high ... more credible action than to divide the spoil of unknown or they and poor.

Most likely, Robin of Loxley, name not found in the archives of the time, both in England and among the Crusaders of Richard Lionheart, is a myth, a heroic ideal of the ordinary man found in his fight with overwhelming force, but which through dedication and support of the oppressed before winning out. A beautiful story but still ...

Oliver Cromwell
In a survey conducted in 2002 by journalists from the BBC, Oliver Cromwell was voted by British citizens as one of the top 10 historical figures of all time. It is obvious today that Oliver Cromwell is a highly acclaimed figure in this country. Still, the general opinion is far from the real image of the man who was Cromwell ...

We can say, without reservation, that Oliver Cromwell was a tyrant, from all points of view. After he accused the king dissolved Parliament, Cromwell did, in turn, exactly the same thing. He then accuses lawmakers, as king, that are corrupt ... consequently has created its own Board - The Council of Saints. Moreover, in Ireland, Cromwell is seen as a real butcher, after taking extremely bloody campaign against the local population, especially against Catholics, actions which today are considered as acts of genocide.

A legend says that on the night of his death, in 1658, England was ravaged by a storm, a sign for some of the people that the devil has come to take the soul of the tyrant Cromwell. An epitaph difficult to digest for those who today is a national hero ....

Colonel George Armstrong Custer
Case Colonel Custer, defeated the great Battle of the Little Bighorn (1876), is a little different, so long as, for decades, its image is presented as it was actually true. For a long time, Custer was considered a national hero (many still consider it more so), forced to fight for a cause that was not his, that of the Native American Sioux warrior elite exterminate and chayenne.

It was said in ancient American history textbooks that Custer had just written a touching letter to Congress, in advocating for helping Native Americans. Facing the refusal of the authorities, the same Colonel Custer throw in a fight without odds and chooses to sacrifice himself.

The truth is, however, quite different. George Armstrong Custer showed an almost morbid hatred towards Native Americans, which is apparent even in his own letters. In one of these, he mentioned his wife as she only fun he has in vast Amerindian lands is to shoot Native Americans.

Custer did not intend to make any personal sacrifice anymore, much less to advocate for Native Americans. Historical sources indicate that it has entered into battle arrogant despite his spies guides and advice, decided to annihilate once and for all Indian elite warriors. Only because of this infatuation, Custer and absolutely all the soldiers whom he had subordinates were massacred by Sioux warriors, Arapaho and Cheyenne.

Vlad Tepes -(dracula)
It is a reality that many of us probably know that the Vlad Tepes is seen as a national hero by the Romans only. The concept is generally accepted among strangers grounded by Irishman Bram Stoker's fictional character, immortal vampire Count Dracula. In reality, Vlad was prince, not count. And that would be just a mistake that grouts are generally Westerners.

Although it is associated with Transylvania, the truth is that only Tepes was born there, specifically in Sighisoara. Any history book shows that Vlad led the Wallachian, but what details matter when Dracula is a character with a high intake of both public and that for over a century?

Returning to false conceptions about Wallachian rulers, it must be said that most Westerners see in it a symbol of evil, a true servant of the devil, ready to kill anyone in order to appease the blood. Another glaring mistake, as long as Vlad Tepes was a hero of Christianity and one of the orthodox faith against Islam.

And in terms of story that appears as a tyrant who enjoy the thousands of victims pulled Tepe, it is again an exaggeration of his contemporaries, an exaggeration which, unfortunately, has throughout history as a true story. The truth is, in the period in which he lived Vlad the Impaler was a punishment highly prevalent in northern Africa and into northern Europe. If we look only atrocities committed by Ivan the Terrible in Russian or Western principles in their home countries, Vlad Tepes would seem a veritable saint.

Richard the Lionheart

Few crowned heads of Europe's medieval history have managed to establish itself in the memory of his contemporaries, and those that followed in a more emphatic than I did Richard Plantagenet, known by the nickname of Richard the Lionheart. Richard is regarded today as one of the most important kings of England and also one of the national heroes of this country. The reality?

Richard was rather contemporary historians believe, a real catastrophe for England.
In fact, the 10-year reign (1189-1199), Richard Plantagenet not spent in England than six months, leaving the administration in the care of his intimates and choosing, instead, to listen to their vocation, that of a warrior. Richard refused even to learn English, they could barely tie a few words, choosing, instead, to speak French, the language of his ancestors Normans and more, to spend most of their time in France.

Eternal wars they undertook were so much exhausted treasury country that taxes imposed on all his subjects had become overwhelming. In addition, Richard has chosen to release all prisoners who could pay even redeem and sell important functions of the kingdom by anyone afford to pay a considerable sum. It remains memorable phrase uttered by the King of England, in one of his short visit to the country: "I sell and London, if there was not a single buyer."

Perhaps the phrase that best describe the life and works of Richard the Lionheart as Sir Steven Runciman English history: "Richard was a bad son, a husband and a king worse and worse. It was, instead a splendid soldier. "

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